The Federal Republic of Germany has been engaged in development cooperation since 1952 and is fully committed to raising effectiveness of development policy by realising the goals set out in the Millennium Declaration, the Monterrey Consensus and the Johannesburg Plan for Implementation.
The German development cooperation is structured at various levels. Apart from the direct approach to partner countries, Germany as a member state is active in several European bodies and is involved in every phase of implementation of the EU development cooperation. Through its membership in many international organizations, such as: UN, WB, IMF, OECD, G8, WTO, GATT, regional development banks and other agencies, Germany’s position and experience in development cooperation are represented on a global stage.
The bilateral and multilateral development cooperation of the Federal Republic of Germany is within the competence of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development – BMZ. The following main organizations are commissioned by the Ministry for implementation of the development cooperation:
- KfW (German Development Bank), responsible for financial cooperation;
- DEG (German Investment and Development Company), part of KfW group, promotes private enterprise initiatives in developing and transition countries;
- GTZ (German Technical Cooperation), responsible for technical development cooperation;
- DED (German Development Service), seconds development workers abroad;
- InWent (Capacity Building International), specialises in human resource development;
- CIM (International Centre for Migration and Development), part of GTZ, runs an Integrated Experts Programme in developing and transition countries.
German Development Policy
The development policy of the Federal Republic of Germany is an independent area of German foreign policy. It is guided by the following four principles:
- Reducing poverty worldwide;
- Protecting the natural environment;
- Building peace and realizing democracy;
- Promoting equitable forms of globalization.
The Programme of Action 2015 is the German Government’s principal instrument for implementing the development policy and sets out the form the contributions will take within the overarching international framework for action and how it is going to be further developed.
Germany will spend on development cooperation annually a sum equivalent to 0,51 per cent of GNI from 2010 and a sum equivalent to 0,7 per cent from 2015 onwards, as provided for in the EU’s step-by-step plan to raise ODA.
The main instruments for planning and steering the German development cooperation are regional and country strategies.
Direct development cooperation between Germany and its partner countries rests on two main instruments: financial and technical cooperation. There are also diverse fields of work, ranging from seconding and placing experts, to development volunteers service, providing trainings for managers and experts from partner countries.
Development cooperation between the Republic of Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Germany began in 1992. Every two years after bilateral governmental negotiations a Protocol for cooperation is signed. The latest Protocol for Cooperation was signed on October 14, 2009.
The Federal Republic of Germany is one of the major bilateral development partners of the Republic of Macedonia. The bilateral development cooperation with the Republic of Macedonia is focused in the following main areas - pillars:
1. Water supply, reduction of waste waters and environmental protection;
2. Democracy and Civil society;
3. Sustainable Economic Development.
In addition to the bilateral development cooperation, there are also other instruments for cooperation in place: regional projects; Open Regional Funds for South Eastern Europe (funds for foreign-trade services, modernisation of municipal services, legal reform and services, energy efficiency); capacity building international programmes supported by InWent; integrated experts from CIM in several institutions; SES – Senior Expert Service; social-political education through the Foundations: Friedrich Ebert, Konrad Adenauer and Friedrich Naumann; thematic programmes such as in the area of water, climate change and fight against trafficking.
According to the latest bilateral governmental negotiations, the development cooperation with Macedonia, as an EU candidate country, will be narrowed and streamlined into the EU pre-accession programmes. The country will continue to be eligible for the regional and thematic programmes financed by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and by the other federal ministries.
For further information and details on ongoing and finalized projects, please visit the following link: www.sep.gov.mk/cdad
SEA contact persons:
Head of department for bilateral and multilateral assistance
phone: (02) 3200 243